of Christian faith stemming from baptismal practice in Rome in the
creed known as the Old Roman Symbol may have used a question and
By the middle of
the second century it was the practice in Rome
for those being baptized to profess their faith in the form of three questions
and answers concerning faith in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
This creed, the so-called "Old Roman Symbol," indirectly rejects Gnosticism
and Marcionism through its strong affirmation
of God as the creator of the physical and historical world and through
its long and specific statement on the incarnation. This Roman baptismal
symbol became the basis of the Apostles'
Creed which took its present form in Europe at the beginning of the
middle ages. The Apostles' Creed was widely used in the domains of Charlemagne
and was eventually taken into liturgical use in Rome. From Rome its use
spread throughout the West.