Middle Ages

A place or condition in which believers are after death forgiven and make satisfaction for unconfessed venial sins and complete satisfaction for already forgiven sins, all before admission to the Beatific Vision.

15th-century depiction of purgatory

The doctrine of purgatory developed in the late patristic and early medieval periods. It is based on the apocryphal 2 Maccabees 12:39-45. Later teaching on purgatory was refined by Thomas Aquinas who emphasized that that souls in purgatory may be assisted by masses, prayers, and indulgences offered by the living.

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