who established missions in what are now Mexico and Arizona.
An Italian who
studied in both Germany and Spain, Eusibio Kino was an astronomer and
map-maker as well as a founder of missions. He arrived in Veracruz, Mexico,
in 1681 and in time established a series of missions in the province of
Sonora, Mexico, including what is now southern Arizona. Unlike many newcomers
to the western hemisphere who treated native peoples as less than human,
Kino and many other missionaries saw them as human beings with souls.
Therefore the Society
of Jesus, Franciscans, Dominicans, and other Orders engaged in evangelism
to Native Americans. "Missions" were often patterned after feudal
villages, with a protective wall enclosing a church, school, hospital,
dormitory, and work areas. The goal of Kino and many other missionaries
was to Christianize people by teaching them European ways. The long-term
result, however, was a blend of Spanish and Native cultures with distinctive
expressions of Christianity.