Global Christianity Azusa Street Revival
(1906 - 1909)
Global Christianity

Event which launched the modern Pentecostal movement.

The Pentecostal movement, which began with the Azusa Street Revival,celebrated dramatic gifts of the Holy Spirit

This revival took place in Los Angeles, California, and was led by William Seymour (1870-1922), an African-American preacher. Seymour preached that glossolalia, or "speaking in tongues," was evidence of Holy Spirit baptism; his first Los Angeles parish therefore expelled him. Seymour continued preaching until he and a small group experienced glossolalia. Crowds began to gather and a mission space was found on Azusa Street, in a run-down building in downtown Los Angeles. Worship there was frequent, spontaneous, and ecstatic, drawing people from around the world to a revival that lasted about three years. The Azusa revival was multi-racial, welcomed poor people, and encouraged the leadership of women. Azusa's "five-fold doctrine" was: 1) salvation; 2) sanctification or holiness; 3) tongues as evidence of Spirit baptism; 4) divine healing; 5) the "very soon" return of Christ. Pentecostalism has earlier roots, but the Azusa Street revival launched it as a worldwide movement.

Luther Seminary | Copyright |
Photo courtesy of Nancy Koester.