plant churches in an officially Anglican colony.
Irish Roman Catholics
were among the first settlers to arrive in Australia in 1788. At that
time Catholicism was illegal in Britain; in Australia Catholics were forced
to attend Protestant services. In 1817 an Irish priest was deported from
Australia for conducting mass. English Catholics were granted toleration
in 1829; this soon led to freedom of worship for Catholics in Australia.
The first Catholic church opened in 1830, an important step toward religious
pluralism. By the year 2000,
Catholics outnumbered Anglicans in Australia.