movement originating with John Huss; later a force in world evangelism.
was a center for Moravianism
After the death of
John Huss in 1415, the "Hussites" organized into the Unitas Fratrum or
"Unity of Brothers." In time they became known as Moravians after the
region of Moravia in Eastern Europe where many of them lived. As pacifists
and radical Protestants, they suffered persecution in the Era of Reform.
Their movement was almost extinguished by the Thirty
Years' War, the settlement of which left radical Protestants with
no legal rights. In 1722 Moravian refugees found safety on the estate
of Count Nicholas von Zinzendorf (1700-1760), together with several groups
of Pietists. There they created a community
called "Herrnhut," meaning "'God's house." They worshipped together
and developed communal industries and trades. From Herrnhut, Moravians
sent missionaries to Greenland, Africa, and the Americas. Moravians such
as Peter Böhler were instrumental in the conversion of John
Wesley. The Moravian church has long been an advocate of Christian
unity and today has congregations throughout the world.