Era of Reform German lands / Holy Roman Empire
Era of Reform

By 1600 religious pluralism was well established in the German lands, homeland of Martin Luther and many of the mentors of the Reformed tradition. Roman Catholicism dominated in the southern and western portions of this area. Lutheranism rooted itself in the north central and northeast German lands and had also spread along the east shore of the Baltic Sea. Strong Zwinglian and Calvinist enclaves were located in the central and western portions of German lands.

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Map courtesy of General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin.