organizations to recruit and send missionaries around the world.
missionaries were sent from communities of Pietism
and Moravianism. The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign
Parts (SPG), an arm of the Church of England, was founded in 1701 to strengthen
England's religious influence in the colonies as well as among Native
Americans and African slaves. John Wesley
went to Georgia as a missionary from the SPG. The Baptist Mission Society
was founded in 1792 by William Carey,
missionary to India. The era of colonialism
saw a proliferation of missionary societies in both Europe and North America.
Some societies were run by denominations, but many were independent or
ecumenical. In addition to recruiting, sending, and supporting missionaries,
these societies promoted Bible translation and sent money and supplies
to schools, hospitals, and orphanages. A counterpart to these Protestant
missionary societies were the nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Missionary
Orders. By the 1910 Edinburgh conference,
Christianity was becoming a global religion.