Catholic Orders, to engage in world evangelism.
golden cross has been a common symbol of missionary orders, signifying
victory and royalty to Christ and the Church.
had great pioneers in world mission, but suffered setbacks with the Jesuit
reductions, the French Revolution, and other upheavals. The Jesuit
Order was reestablished in 1814; older Orders such as Franciscans
and Benedictines sought
to renew their missionary work. New Orders and Sisterhoods were organized
specifically for missionary work, including the Oblates of the Blessed
Virgin Mary Immaculate (1816), the Marists (1817), and others. For those
not belonging to an Order, groups such as St. Joseph's Society for Foreign
Missions were formed. Catholic leaders encouraged lay involvement in world
mission. The Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith sought to train
indigenous clergy to serve in their native lands. The Protestant
missionary societies were a counterpart to these efforts.