evangelist and leader of a religious awakening in Norway.
Haugeans" by Adolf Tiedemand, depicts a prayer meeting
Hauge was a key figure
in the nineteenth-century Awakenings
and Inner Mission in Europe. Deeply influenced
by Pietism, he became a lay preacher
despite laws which forbade such activity. He himself was a successful
businessman and sought to improve the economic condition of his converts
by helping them to establish trades and factories. For criticizing the
established church and violating trade laws which favored large monopolies
over small businesses, Hauge was imprisoned for ten years. Nevertheless
he insisted that his converts stay within the official church of Norway.
Many of Hauge's converts were part of nineteenth
century immigration to North America; they established Lutheran congregations
which practiced revivalism and social concern.