council which addressed the situation of the church after the persecutions
and attempted to settle the Arian controversy.
by bishops from the East along with a few from the West, this council
was summoned and presided over by the Emperor Constantine.
It thus established a precedent for the subordination of the church to
the state in the East. The council established regulations for the life
of the church following the cessation of persecution. It also rejected
Arianism when it condemned the teaching that
the Word of God or Son of God was a creature or any less divine than the
Father. It declared that Christ was of one substance (homoousios)
with God the Father. This statement became a crucial element of the Nicene
Creed and a hallmark of Nicene orthodoxy in both East and West.